Sudan was once the largest and most geographically diverse state in Africa, and was also home to one of the continent’s longest-running civil wars.
Following a 2005 peace deal, southern Sudan broke away to form South Sudan- the world’s newest country - briefly ending hostilities.
However, various outstanding secession issues – especially the question of shared oil revenues and the exact border demarcation – have continued to create tensions between the two successor states.
MSF has been working in Sudan since 1979, providing care for people caught up in conflict, treating neglected tropical diseases and filling general healthcare gaps.
MSF’s work in Sudan: 2016
MSF continued to provide emergency medical treatment in Sudan - despite some restrictions to areas affected by conflict.
In early 2016, fighting displaced over 160,000 people in Jebel Mara to camps in the surrounding area.
We responded by deploying our North Darfur Emergency Response team, who:
- Set up a health centre in Sortoni.
- Increased operations in Tawila.
By December, Tawila had a population of 68,000 displaced people - 27,000 of whom arrived during the Jebel Mara emergency.
- Provided 108,933 outpatient consultations at Tawila's overwhelmed health facility.
- Admitted 4,878 patients to Tawila's inpatient department - malnutrition, diarrhoeal diseases and malaria were the main referrals.
In Sortoni, we:
- Treated 40,616 outpatients.
- Treated 474 inpatients.
- Provided nutritional services to 812 children.
- Vaccinated 9,683 children against measles.
We were active in the gold mining area of El Sireaf, where clashes between local and nomadic groups had taken place. In all 51,000 inpatient and outpatient consultations were carried out.
At Dar Zaghawa, we offered medical care in four health centres - with a particular focus on mothers and children.
Paediatric care in West Darfur
In El Geneina town (West Darfur state), our teams supported three primary health centres until the end of 2016.
During a malnutrition peak between September and November, we helped El Geneina hospital treat 129 severely malnourished children with health complications.
WHITE NILE STATE
We run a 40-bed hospital outside Kashafa camp - where over 17,000 refugees from South Sudan have settled.
The hospital also serves as a referral point for five nearby camps, while benefitting the host community.
Treating visceral leishmaniasis in Al-Gedaref state
Since 2010, in the village of Tabarak Allah (Al-Gedaref State, eastern Sudan), we have worked on managing visceral leishmaniasis (also known as kala azar).
This is a parasitic disease transmitted by sandflies, with a mortality rate 95 percent if left untreated.
In 2016, we:
- Screened 2,180 people for suspected kala azar.
- Admitted 545 of them to Tabarak Allah hospital.
In late 2016, we started supporting Bazura hospital (south of the state) - where kala azar is also endemic.
Our support consists of:
- Providing supervision and training to improve case management.
- Constructing and refurbishing facilities.
- Improving water and sanitation.
- Giving on-the-job training to Ministry of Health staff.
We also run health education and awareness activities for the Tabarak Allah and Bazura communities - in partnership with a local NGO.
Find out more in our International Activity Report