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MSF India Activity Report 2017

December 31, 2017

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MSF India E-Newsletter December 2017

December 01, 2017

MSF India E-Newsletter November 2017

November 01, 2017

Donor Magazine (Issue 4) – October 2017

October 31, 2017

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MSF India E-Newsletter October 2017

October 01, 2017

Standardised Mortality Surveys

August 12, 2017

This collection of files includes an overview of the whole process of conducting a mortality survey and templates for concept papers, the protocol, questionnaires and consent and other related forms.

Surveys that use this standardised intersectional protocol do not require MSF Ethics Review Board (ERB) review if the Medical Director of the relevant section takes responsibility for addressing the ethics issues. The exemption criteria of the MSF ERB for standardised intersectional survey protocols must be followed. See http://fieldresearch.msf.org/msf/handle/10144/618799

Educating nurses in resource-poor areas

August 11, 2017

Jai Defranciscis is an Australian nurse with a passion for paediatrics and education in resource-poor settings. Last year she joined the international medical aid organisation Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) – also known as Doctors Without Borders – heading to South Sudan for a year, working with refugees fleeing fighting between armed groups. This is her account.

Cryptococcal Meningitis: A neglected NTD?

August 10, 2017

Although HIV/AIDS has been anything but neglected over the last decade, opportunistic infections (OIs) are increasingly overlooked as large-scale donors shift their focus from acute care to prevention and earlier antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation. Of these OIs, cryptococcal meningitis, a deadly invasive fungal infection, continues to affect hundreds of thousands of HIV patients with advanced disease each year and is responsible for an estimated 15%–20% of all AIDS-related deaths. Yet cryptococcal meningitis ranks amongst the most poorly funded “neglected” diseases in the world, receiving 0.2% of available relevant research and development (R&D) funding. The debate over whether or not cryptococcal disease is an NTD detracts from cryptococcal meningitis being both HIV related and also urgently needing the interventions (funding, policy drives, and drug pipelines) from which NTDs benefit. This paper calls on the global health community, PLOS NTDs, UNITAID, The Global Fund, and WHO to declare cryptococcal meningitis an NTD and press for urgent funding and policy drives to target optimisation and rollout of CrAg-screening programs.

Diabetes care in a complex humanitarian emergency setting: A qualitative…

August 09, 2017

Evidence is urgently needed from complex emergency settings to support efforts to respond to the increasing burden of diabetes mellitus (DM). Médecins Sans Frontières conducted a qualitative study of a new model of DM health care (Integrated Diabetic Clinic within an Outpatient Department [IDC-OPD]) implemented by MSF in Mweso Hospital in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The paper aimed to explore patient and provider perspectives on the model in order to identify factors that may support or impede it. The study concludes that the importance of community awareness of DM and the value of treatment support, including psychosocial and educational support to DM patients and their families, and culturally sensitive, low-cost dietary advice, to ensuring the adoption and maintenance of DM treatment.

Where technology does not go: Specialised neonatal care in resource-poor…

August 08, 2017

Although neonatal mortality is gradually decreasing worldwide, 98% of neonatal deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, where hospital care for sick and premature neonates is often unavailable. Médecins Sans Frontières managed eight specialised neonatal care units (SNCUs) at district level in low-resource and conflict-affected settings in seven countries to assess the performance of the MSF SNCU model across different settings in Africa and Southern Asia. The study also aimed to describe the set-up of eight SNCUs, neonate characteristics and clinical outcomes among neonates from 2012 to 2015. It was concluded that the standardised SNCU model was implemented across different contexts and showed in-patient outcomes within acceptable limits. Low-tech medical care for sick and premature neonates can and should be implemented at district hospital level in low-resource settings.

Beyond ‘cure’ and ‘treatment success’: quality of life of multidrug-resistant…

June 30, 2017

Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (including extensively-drug resistant tuberculosis) and its treatment, has multi-dimensional effects on patients’ lives. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a patient reported outcome measure, which has been defined to include physical, psychological, emotional, social well-being and role functioning and the perceptions thereof. Measuring HRQoL is important because functional capacity, well-being and the experience of illness are more important to patients than mere bacteriological cure. The aim of this study is to assess the HRQoL among multi-drug resistant tuberculosis patients in Mumbai, India and associated factors while exploring their perspectives about HRQoL. It was concluded that health related quality of life was lower among study participants than reported in healthy people, but not as low as previously reported among TB patients. With good quality care and support, patients can live a reasonably good quality of life.

Antibiotic prescribing for respiratory illness in paediatric outpatients: a baseline…

June 21, 2017

Childhood acute respiratory illnesses (ARI) cause significant mortality and morbidity. It also accounts for antibiotic prescriptions and the development of resistant bacteria at the community level. This baseline study was carried out by MSF to understand current prescription practices for childhood ARI by Ministry of Health (MoH) physicians in Asansol, West Bengal. MSF plans to begin an antibiotic stewardship programme and run a new ARI clinic within Asansol District Hospital and Raniganj block primary health centre (BPHC), as part of an ongoing collaboration with the West Bengal MoH. This is the first prescription audit carried out in Asansol Health District. It essay outlines how open source methods of working could be applied to the discovery and development of new medicines. It summarises that there are many potential advantages of an open source approach, such as improved efficiency, the quality and relevance of the research, and wider participation by the scientific and patient communities; a blend of traditional and innovative financing mechanisms will have to be adopted. In order to properly evaluate the effectiveness of an open source methodology and its potential as an alternative model of drug discovery and development, we recommend that new projects be trialed and existing projects scaled up.

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